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Theory-Based Communication

Can you choose one theory from each of the six schools of thought (psychodynamic, behavioral, pragmatic, humanistic, constructivist, and family) See attachment Theory-Based Communication. Create six comments or questions that reflect the foundations of the theory that a counselor would say to a client in a therapeutic session. Refer to the Theory-Based Communications Chart attached for examples if needed.

In addition can you provide a rationale for each question or comment that supports its grounding within that particular theory. For example, if you create a person-centered statement, explain what about the content of the statement makes it person-centered.

Theory - Based Communication Chart
1. Contemporary Theories - SFBT, Narrative, Feminist, Multicultural
• Can you recall a time when you thought you would be dominated by the urge to binge, but instead you stood up to the urge?
• What kinds of things does guilt try to tell you?
• What might happen as you accepted and used your power as a woman in this situation?
• What does it mean to you to be successful at work as a woman/man?

2. Pragmatic Theories - CBT, REBT, Cognitive, Reality
• If you had what you wanted now, how would your life be different?
• What do you think you would need in order to have a meaningful intimate relationship?
Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy/Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
• When you were feeling angry, what thoughts came to mind?
• What are three other ways you might have understood that situation?
• Is this really as awful as you are making it sound?

3. Humanistic Theories - Existential, Gestalt, Person - Centered
• You talked about experiencing rejection from your father, I would like you to relive these feelings of rejection as if it is happening now and talk to your father.
• Can you stay with that feeling of being scared and tell him what you think?
• What are you experiencing now?
Person - Centered
• It sounds like all of the challenges you face at home leave you feeling disappointed.
• You say you feel angry, yet I experience you as aloof.

4. Behavioral - Behavioral
• What happens when you come in past your curfew?
• What are you getting out of going into work late?
• You just mentioned several general goals; let us work to make those very specific so we will really know when the goals are met.

5. Psychodynamic - Psychoanalysis, Analytical (Jungian), Individual (Adlerian)
Individual Psychology (Adlerian)
• What stands out for you most about your childhood?
• What is your earliest single and specific memory?

Solution Preview

1. The therapist might ask about socio-religious values, beliefs, customs, and practices in efforts to develop patterns that may have developed over generations.

Bowen developed a theory that points to the family operating as an emotional system that is influenced by previous generations, which governs family life. According to Bowen, the family emotional system reacts to chronic anxiety in humans, which is a natural part of the struggle between individuality and togetherness. He developed eight interlocking concepts that included (1) differentiation of self, (2) triangulation, (3) nuclear family, (4) emotional system, (5) family projection process, (6) multigenerational transmission process, (7) sibling position, and (8) emotional cutoff (Bowen, 1978 as cited in Bartle & Lal, 2010).

2. The therapist might ask about the stress (if any) regarding differences on these issues.

The focus of Family System therapy based on "emotional cutoff" is to relieve relationship stress regarding differences on issues, and seek a rational un-triangulated third party (not taking sides) intervention, and coaching the family members to aid in differentiation beginning with the emotional problems of the nuclear family. Triangulation is a destructive pattern of relating and can become dysfunction when the process of managing relational anxiety bringing in a third party to avoid ...

Solution Summary

This solution discusses the grounding of theories of communication within six schools of psychological thought.