Briefly describe specific instances in which each of the following microskills are effectively demonstrated: paraphrasing, active listening, reframing, and reflection.
In your description of each instance, explain how the therapist effectively demonstrated the microskill.
Hi and thank you for using Brainmass. I have come to an assumption what you need help with in this particular instance is in spotting and explaining the instances of an observed microskill. It is easy enough to spot as the therapist in it would have used it in the process of him/her performing his/her role. Now let's go through them one by one:
Active Listening - This is all about being attentive to the disclosure being shared. Active listening is a combination of paraphrasing, reframing, clarifying, perception checking and providing empathy, which builds trust. Obviously, if you spot any of these, what you are observing is active listening.
Paraphrase - It is a microskill that restates the message of the client that allows you both to get closer to the point and clarifies what is being said. By paraphrasing, the therapist is testing his understanding of what he heard so as to determine whether or not the listener has truly understood the speaker. An example:
- Client: I don't get her. She says she loves me then cheats ...
The solution provides information, assistance and advise in tackling the task (see above) in relation to effective demonstration of microskills listed (see above) in a counselling setting. Resources are also provided for further exploration of the topic.