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Developmental Stages in Psychology

a) Select one developmental stage such as infancy: ages birth to 2; early childhood, ages 3 to 6; middle childhood, ages 7 to 12; or adolescence, ages 13 to 18. Explain the physical, social, and cognitive changes that are components of that stage of development.

b) Select and discuss one theory or concept that fits best with the stage of development you are discussing. Describe and explain the theory, list the theorist (if there is any), and how this theory appropriately fits with your selected developmental stage. For example, you might select infancy, andthen describe the physical, social and cognitive changes that are part of infant development.

c) Then select one theory, for example Erikson's Psychosocial Stages of Development, and explain what this theory says about infancy. This is just an example and you are certainly not limited to this idea. Lastly, discuss the impact that cultural factors could have on your selected stage of development. For example, in the infancy example you could discuss how culture may affect parenting styles

Solution Preview

During the early childhood developmental stage, which is between the ages of three to six years old, a child begins to grow fairly quickly and starts to develop fine-motor skills. Fine-motor skills are learning to use a pencil, crayons, scissors, and using a spoon. They also begin to learn gross-motor skills, which can be balancing on one foot, skipping, and running without falling as much. At this stage, a child's language begins to develop at a very rapid rate and by the age of five, their vocabulary grows to around 1500 words and they are able to develop sentences that contain around five to seven words and learn to begin using past tense when speaking or telling a story. Between the ages of three and five, a child physically grows at an extremely swift rate.

The early childhood stage is also when a child begins to grow in their social skills by making friends, learning and understands right from wrong, and begins to distinguish gender identification. At this stage, they still see things in an all or nothing terms, which can be expecting other children to share ...

Solution Summary

This solution discusses the changes in cognitive, social, and physical changes during early childhood development. It also discusses the theory of Jean Piaget and how his theory fits this stage of development.

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