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Definitions, Implementation, and Limitations of Public Policy

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I need help getting a better understanding on these areas of Public Policy:

Please help discuss the importance of policy analysis during the development and implementation stages of public policy, the social impact of policies, and the limitations policies have on government power.

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Good afternoon, I'll try and elaborate on your question...

First and foremost, it can be complex to establish what public policy actually is: the best way to look at it is a forms of guide or method by which the executive powers of a nation/state undertakes its legal and social actions (Dye, 1992). In this regard, the topics could include the economy, law, environmemt or anything that can affect public affairs. Of course, there hasn't been much consensus regarding a suitable definition for public policy due to its wide-ranging consequences.

With respect to policy analysis, it can be summarised in simple terms as the evaluation of policy within the boundaries of its objectives and aims (Dunn, 2003). ...

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This question deals with the definition, implementation, and limitations of public policy making across government and state factors.

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Definitions for any three of the actions and outcome variables

Note: Refer to Chapter 6 Review Question 4 for criterion 1.)Write a five to six (5-6) page paper in which you: Expert Sharma please make sure that the first three questions are at least 5pgs. The last three questions just paragraphs each. Thanks!
Book is Public Policy Analysis - 1 Year Option, 5th Edition
Dunn, William N

1. Construct constitutive and operational definitions for any three (3) of the actions and outcome variables listed in the shaded box under Review Question 1 at the end of Chapter 6. (Note: The box includes Program expenditure, Equality of educational opportunity, Energy consumption, etc.)
(Note: Refer to Chapter 6 Review Question 5 for criterion 2.)

2. Identify three (3) policy problems listed in the shaded box under Review Question 5 and determine an appropriate indicator or index that would help determine whether each of the identified problems are being solved through government action. Justify your position on each. (Note: The box includes Work alienation, School dropouts, Poverty, etc.)
(Note: Refer to Chapter 6 Review Question 13 for criterion 3.)

3. Construct valid rebuttals to the following argument using at least four (4) threats to validity: (B) The greater the cost of an alternative, the less likely it is that the alternative will be pursued. (W) The enforcement of the maximum speed limit of 55 mph increases the costs of exceeding the speed limit. (I) The mileage death rate fell from 4.3 to 3.6 deaths per 100 million miles after the implementation of the 55-mph speed limit. (C) The 55-mph speed limit (National Speed Law of 1973) has been definitely successful in saving lives.

4. Include at least two (2) peer-reviewed references (no more than five [5] years old) from material outside the textbook to support your views. Note: Appropriate peer-reviewed references include scholarly articles and governmental Websites. Do not use open source Websites such as Wikipedia, Sparknotes.com, Ask.com, and similar Websites are not acceptable resources.

5. Compare and contrast methods of evaluation and prescription in terms of time and the types of claims produced by each. Provide examples to support your response.

6. From given website http://livingwage.mit.edu/ select two different states and locations (city or county) to compare the living wage estimates and poverty wage for a family with one adult and one child designated for the two states and selected locations. Make sure to find two states that have more than $2.00 difference in living wage estimates. Suggest at least two reasons for the differences.
7. From the case study, Case 7.1., explain at least two reasons many consider the adoption of a living wage a moral and ethical issue. Discuss the implications that morality and ethics have to analyzing and developing public policy. This case study should be in the book.

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