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Discussing critical Thinking

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How does critical thinking affect you as a reader and writer? How can thinking critically improve your writing?

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Dear Student,

Your Inquiry: How does critical thinking affect you as a reader and writer? How can thinking critically improve your writing? Please provide notes or examples.

I decided to write this essay guide for you that goes through the historic, journalistic & social scientific merits of critical thinking, with examples that will allow you to exercise the solution I've provided by reading and to see one in writing. Thank you for using Brainmass. Attached is the word version of your solution,use it as your guide.

OTA 105878
Martin Luther King on Critical Thinking & Education:
"The function of education, therefore, is to teach one to think intensively and to think critically...The complete education gives one not only power of concentration but worthy objectives upon which to concentrate."
Thinking Through Data

Political Science is that branch of the social sciences that is focused on political systems & the social structures & agencies inherent in it. By studying the dynamic world of politics, social scientists hope to come up with theories, trends, structures & analysis that would allow for prediction and accurate understanding of political situations & events. Like every other social scientific knowledge, that currently in practiced or accepted within Political Science as an academic body is situated. When one talks about knowledge being 'situated', it means that is bounded by the time in which the knowledge is accepted as common truth as well as bounded by the locality and the events that allowed for it to happen. For instance in 1770, it is accepted knowledge in England that the Kingship is the divine right of the monarchy and that social classes are a natural occurrence. When Locke released his work that espouses this status quoi to be otherwise, that by laws of nature all men are created equal, he was called an abomination & those who read his work were liable for Treason. However, his work reached the likes of John Adams & Thomas Jefferson who used his perspective on social equality when they rallied for the Continental Congress to declare independence. By the early 1900's, Free Markets, Federalism, Libertarianism & Republicanism slowly became the debated 'truths' about governance & social organization of nations. France & England were experiencing their own rebirths following the U.S. example whereby the 'people' hungered to create their own democratic governments, rendering monarchical absolutism as unfair & abusive.

Most of what we learn of the political systems from the past are written in historical archives. History, like political science is a branch of social inquiry. Indeed, many historians & the histories that they specialise in concern themselves with political chronologies of nations, cultures & social groups. Thucydides' work on 'The History of the Peloponnesian War' chronicled the events, the politics behind & the effects of the war upon the Greeks & her enemies, the Spartans. His work is the first historical work to ever follow a logical flow of information as well exhibit objectivity. By retelling the events using primary sources that allows for verification, he practiced the earliest methods on scientific historiography as well as ethnography. Prior to him, Herodotus' annals would fly from one event to the next without chronology, his works invoked with religious sentiments, a trait not present in the work of Thucydides. There are accounts by which suggest that Thucydides was a student of Hippocrates, the earliest practitioner in ancient Greece of ...

Solution Summary

Critical Thinking as a manner of looking at the world & processing information is looked at both as a reader & a writer especially in the practice of sociological research & philosophical studies. The solution provides historical examples on critical writing as well as practical exercises in reading & thinking critically.