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Research

I need ideas and scholarly research information for the following task. Any help will be much appreciated.

TASK:

Describe the basic principles that underlie research practices. It must address the importance for a research in carrying out the following:

1. Identifying a broad area of inquiry.

2. Conducting a review of research literature.

3. Identifying a researchable problem from reviewed literature.

4. Choosing a method and design for an identified problem.

Base this on at least four recent scholarly sources (within the past 5 years). Please do not use wikipedia because its invalid,, please cite accordingly with respect to APA guidelines.

Solution Preview

Let's take a closer look. I will leave the questions in for structure. Please write it in your own words.

RESPONSE:

I. Identifying a broad area of inquiry.

When considering the philosophy of research, most research projects have a common general structure. For example, the research process usually starts with a broad area of interest, which is considered the original problem the researcher wants to study. As a case in point, the researcher could be interested in how to use class structure to improve the performance of students in English. However, this initial interest identified is far too broad to study in a single research project. Therefore, the researcher needs to narrow the question down so it can be researched reasonably. This often results in formulating a hypothesis or a focus question. For instance, the researcher might hypothesize that a particular method of instruction method in English will improve the ability of elementary school students in a specific district (Trochim, 2006). Beecroft et al (2006) argue that a sufficiently focused research question is essential before undertaking a literature review. Having selected a topic the next step is to identify, in a structured way, the appropriate and related information (Cronin, Ryan & Coughlan, 2008).

II. Conducting a review of research literature.

The literature review is especially important because it puts off the need to reinvent the wheel for every new research question. More importantly, it gives researchers the opportunity to build on each other's work. Instead, it helps to refine or focus a broad research question and is useful for both topic selection and topic refinement. It can also be helpful in developing conceptual or theoretical frameworks (Coughlan et al, 2007, cited in Cronin, Ryan & Coughlan, 2008).

According to Newell and Burnard (2006), two essential qualities for researchers ot focus in reviewing the literature are comprehensiveness and relevance and the more specific the topic or question being searched is, the more focused the result will be. Finally, a literature review discusses published information in a particular subject area, and sometimes information in a particular subject area within ...

Solution Summary

By addressing the four areas, this solution describes aspects of the basic principles that underlie research practices. References provided in APA format.

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