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Article Analysis: Quantitative or Qualitative?

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1. Identify your assigned article as quantitative or qualitative and support your assertion with an analysis of three defining characteristics.

2. Describe and critique the theoretical framework using the "Use of Theory Checklist" as a guide.

3. Analyze at least one assumption in your assigned article.

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Dear Student,
The solution below is divided according to response and the comment of the reviewing OTA who went through the student's response via the aims/goals of the original problem: to identify the nature of the articles in terms of methods used in gathering data/research materials (see original problem). I hope that this solution will help you understand the differences between qualitative and quantitative research. Thank you for using Brainmass.

Sincerely,
OTA 105878/Xenia Jones
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Student Response:

This article represents a quantitative research study. "In the quantitative paradigm of research, in which researchers use accepted and precise meanings, a theory commonly is understood to have certain characteristics" (Creswell, 2009, p.83). These characteristics are related to a set of variables that present a systematic view through relationships that are outlined among those variable in an attempt to explain the hypothesis (Creswell, 2009).

In this article, the authors (Gagnon, Jansen, & Michael, 2008) hypothesize that independent variables (employees' tenure within an organization, knowledge of strategic goals, openness, and perceived trust in the organizational structure) have an effect on the commitment and alignment of goals in strategic planning and execution. The hypotheses are as follows:

? Hypothesis 2a: Openness to experience will be positively related to strategic commitment.
? Hypothesis 2b: Perceived organizational trust will be positively related to strategic commitment.
? Hypothesis 2c: Organizational tenure will be negatively related to strategic commitment.
? Hypothesis 3: Strategic commitment will be positively related to engagement in strategy-supportive behaviour.

- Gagnon, Jansen, & Michael, 2008

These hypotheses follow the quantitative form of theory "if......then" (as in if an employee has long company tenure, then his actions will be negatively related to strategic commitment). The theory was presented as a visual model, with the independent variable on the left, and the dependent on the right.

Methods of research undertaken included longitudinal surveys; data collected at two points in time, one year apart from three plants in one region ...

Solution Summary

The solution is divided according to student response and the comment of the reviewing OTA who went through the student's response via the aims/goals of the original problem: to identify the nature of the articles in terms of methods used in gathering data/research materials (see original problem). Is it quantitative or qualitative in nature? This solution will help students in understanding the difference between qualitative and quantitative research even as they are manifested in articles in published materials as results of a study. A word version is attached for easy printing.

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See Also This Related BrainMass Solution

Article Reviews: Quantitative and Qualitative Article Analysis

Hello:

I need to use the following articles, to answer the following questions so, that I can finish incorporating the answers to my final draft. I only need 2-3 paragraphs for each question.

FOR THE QUANTITATIVE STUDY

Zwahr-Castro, J., & Dicke-Bohmann, A. K. (2014). Who can be friends? Characteristics of those who remain friends after dissolution of a romantic relationship. Individual Differences Research, 12(4-A), 142-152.

1. One research hypothesis (many articles have more than one; pick the one that is the focus, or is of most interest to you). Given the research hypothesis, what is the null hypothesis? Remember, depending on the article you are reading, the hypothesis may be implied.

2. In the context of this research study and the research hypothesis you stated in #1, assess Type I and Type II errors. What does it mean to commit each type of error for this research hypothesis? In the context of this study, is one error more "serious" or "harmful" than the other?

3. What is the probability of making a Type I error? How did you determine this?

4. Did the author conduct a power analysis to determine optimal sample size? If so, what is the target? If not, do you believe the study contained enough participants to drawn meaningful results? Why or why not?

5. Do the results support or refute the stated research hypothesis Do you agree with the conclusions? Why or why not?

6. Discuss (in your own words) this study's limitations. Are there any that you can identify that are not mentioned?

FOR THE QUALITATIVE STUDY

Sailor, J. L. (2013). A phenomenological study of falling out of romantic love. The Qualitative Report, 18, 1-22.

1. Identify the Research Question (if no question is stated, then determine what the authors are trying to answer based on the stated aims or goals of the study)

2. Determine how did the authors arrived at the optimal sample size. If they did not discuss how they determined their sample size, what was the number of participants? Do you believe the study contained enough participants to drawn meaningful results? Why or why not?

3. Discuss how the authors analyzed their data. In other words, how did the authors organize the data obtained from participants?

4. Determine any answers to the results for the Research Question. Do you agree with the authors' conclusions? Why or why not?

5. Indicate if this study demonstrates credibility, transferability, dependability, and confirmability. Why or why not?

6. Discuss (in your own words) the study's limitations. Are there any limitations that you can identify that are not mentioned?

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