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    200 words:
    What are some of the primary implications for effective leadership that follow from embracing the postmodern paradigm?

    200 words:
    How can a leader take responsibility for supporting employees in making their working lives meaningful?

    200 words:
    What should be a leader's primary grounding for creating an appropriate moral climate in which people work? For example, are ethical decisions to be based on fairness/autonomy, inclusion/nurturing, a balance of these, or something altogether different?

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    OTA 105878/Xenia Jones

    Postmodern Leadership: Implications

    Postmodern leadership rethinks important aspects of society and its varied structures and agencies taking into context pluralism, multiculturalism, diversity, ambiguity and the fragmentation of social elements in a diverse and globalized world. Departing from the traditionally rationalist view of modernism wherein logical functionalism rules (seeing society as a working system and the leader seated on top of that working system), it looks into the idea of society as an open system wherein not all variables can be accounted for. What primary implications does this have for effective leadership? I believe that postmodernist thought implies that leadership must be malleable, not rigid and inadaptable. For example, multinational companies have global presence and while it is true that corporate culture is practiced and established in a semi-uniform manner in all the global offices of a company worldwide (take for example Starbucks - the ambience, the products, the philosophy as well as its green approach to doing business), it also means that the employees are diverse with deep rooted ethnic practices, beliefs, traditions & values informed by a culture foreign and different to that of the culture practiced in the home country of the company's global headquarters. Essentially, postmodernist leadership embraces the idea of cultural relativism applying diversity principles not only in managing a company but in instilling vision. Leadership is different from management. A leader provides vision and direction, a manager looks after the business and its parts to ensure that it runs according to company principles and achieves goals efficiently. A leader must have ...