The solution provides a discussion on the historical development of both modern & traditional ethics and in the process relates the development of both ethical branches to each other.
Traditional & Modern Ethics: A Discussion
Socrates was the first philosopher of note to ask, not what the world is made of, but rather how we are to live well in the world. With that question, he inaugurated what today we call philosophical ethics. Ethics is defined as a "general pattern or way of life, a set of rules of conduct or moral code and enquiry about ways of life and rules of conduct." (See a philosophical dictionary, or any good dictionary, for other definitions of ethics.)
Living well means asking what the good life is or should be. The question bears on human behaviour, or how we ought to behave as humans. The Sophists and Socrates were the first to focus their attention on human behaviour. Whereas the Sophists maintained that each human being could behave how it pleases ...
Where Socrates represents traditional ethics, Kant represents modern ethics. But what do they have in common? This post explores what is common to both as universal metaphysical axioms and argues that they both have the same goal.