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African-Americans and Segregation

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How have African-Americans worked to end segregation, discrimination, and isolation to attain equality and civil rights?

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Post 1865, African-Americans worked to end the inequality that had existed through American history. At the end of the Civil War, one of the first moves for equality was the 13th amendment to the Constitution. This amendment abolished slavery and made it illegal in the United States. To read more about the 13th amendment, please visit here:


Immediately following the 13th amendment, the Civil Rights Act of 1866. This Act was intended to protect the civil rights of African-Americans. Although the act was vetoed by President Johnson in 1865, it was passed by Congress in 1866 with a 2/3 vote. To read more about this Act, please see here:


In 1868, The 14th amendment was passed, which overturned the Dred Scott decision, saying now that African-Americans could not be prohibited from being US citizens. To read more about this amendment, visit here:


This amendment also ensured that African-Americans would be provided Due Process and Equal Protection. However, the 3rd clause, equal protection, was one that was not ...

Solution Summary

The expert determines how African-Americans worked to end segregation, discrimination and isolation to attain equality and civil rights are examined.