When and where did segregation and disfranchisement exist in the United States? Can there be such a thing as separate yet equal conditions, as the Plessy v. Ferguson ruling proclaimed? Why did some people claim such conditions could coexist?
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Segregation and Disfranchisement
The term racial segregation consisted of segregating facilities, employment, education, medical facilities and other opportunities of African Americans in particular from other races based on the color of their skin. This principle was both socially and legally enforced and was a well accepted norm during the periods some 200 years prior to and sometime after the Civil War.
Before the Civil War, most African Americans were slaves so segregating them was not necessary. After the Civil War however, they were physically separated at schools, theaters, taverns, and other public places and facilities. Reconstruction had failed to give blacks equal rights, and a conservative Supreme Court ensured the failure would last at least another 50 to 60 years.
"After Congress passed the Reconstruction Act of 1867, the ratification of the Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1870 providing the right to vote, and the Civil ...
The solution looks at racial segregation and disfranchisement in the United States in the periods leading up to and after the Civil War. It particularly looks at the ruling of Plessy v. Ferguson and the precedent that established the 'seperate but equal' doctrine.