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Independent, dependent, research variables in a smoking cessation study

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1. Identify, describe, and critique—conceptually and operationally—the major study variables. Examine the purpose, the objectives, questions, or hypotheses, as well as the results section of the research article. Identify and define each variable type as one of the following:

a. Independent variables
b. Dependent variables
c. Research variables

2. Identify and critique attributes and demographic variables.

See attached article.

© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 17, 2018, 12:46 pm ad1c9bdddf
https://brainmass.com/health-sciences/quantitative-research-methods/independent-dependent-research-variables-in-a-smoking-cessation-study-590207

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1. Identify, describe, and critique—conceptually and operationally—the major study variables. Examine the purpose, the objectives, questions, or hypotheses, as well as the results section of the research article. Identify and define each variable type as one of the following:

a. Independent variables
Basically, an independent variable is the variable that you have control over, that you can choose and manipulate over. It is the variable that affect the dependent variable. You may not be able to manipulate the independent variable. It may be something you like to evaluate with respect to how it affects something else, the dependent variable like color, kind, and time.
For example in the article, "Nursing Students' Response to Tobacco Cessation Curricula in Minnesotat Baccalaureate Nursing ...

Solution Summary

An overview of the meanings of independent, dependant and research variables. The explanations are used in light of a study on the effects of smoking cessation.

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Research Design

Could you please help me determine if this article is quantitative or qualitative? How do you know? Please help me understand the following questions:

Does the author identify one overarching theory by name?

Does the author provide information about the development of this theory?

Does the author give examples of how the theory has been used previously?

Does the author advance propositions or hypotheses that are based on the theory?

Does the author identify the independent and dependent variables?

Does the author state how the independent and dependent variables are related?

Does the author provide a rationale for why the variables are related this way based on the logic of the theory?

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