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Surveillance System That Addresses Diabetes

Topic: The National Diabetes Surveillance System provides resources documenting the public health burden of diabetes and its complications in the United States. Go to http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/DDTSTRS/default.aspx

Provide an overview of the surveillance system and the data you reviewed.

Please provide the sensitivity, specificity and predictive value of the selected screening test. What is its purpose and expected outcomes?

Download reports or request data from your chosen system and analyze to determine trends and patterns of chronic diseases and related risk factors by age, sex, race/ethnic group, socioeconomic status in the geographic area of New York.

Suggest other surveillance methods that could be used to increase quality of the data.

Solution Preview

Here you go, hope this helps.

Thanks,
Melissa

Statistics show that in 2011 diabetes affected 25.8 million people or 8.3% of the U.S. population (CDC 2010). Currently the CDC engages in surveillance activities in order to collect data to better understand the extent of health risk behaviors, preventive care practices and the burden of chronic diseases, monitor the progress of prevention efforts, and help public health professionals and policymakers make more timely and effective decisions.

The National Diabetes Surveillance System provides policy information for preventing and controlling diabetes. Currently this database contains nutrition, physical activity, and obesity data. This system provides a single data source for identifying and tracking selected policies in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The database can be used to conduct policy research and help educate public health professionals, researchers, and decision makers about state-level policies and programs to address chronic diseases.

Within the CDC database The Diabetes Interactive Atlases are available and these allow the user to view data and trends for diagnosed diabetes (new and existing cases), obesity, and leisure-time physical inactivity at national, state, and county levels. For this research the state of New York was used. Through the Diabetes Interactive Atlases for New York we can examine how changes in diabetes coincide with changes in obesity over time, relating to age and physical activity. The CDC began compiling this data in 1994, and has complied data through 2010. The data available in the atlases is age-adjusted which is an artificial estimate that ...

Solution Summary

This solution examines CDC resources documenting the public health burden of diabetes and its complications in the United States. Contained within this solution is some comparative data on diabetes prevalence and trends in New York, compiled by the CDC surveillance system along with information about how changes in diabetes coincide with changes in obesity over time, relating to age and physical activity. This solution compares diabetes data across the national average noting state highs and lows. Finally this solution talks about the benefits of surveillance data and possible improvements for future surveillance efforts. This solution is approximately 885 words and contains references, and links to data charts used.

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