1. Describe a current ethical health care issue such as the following: transplant allocation; refusal of care, such as a blood transfusion; patient non-compliance with treatment; biomedical research; patient dumping; compliance with new health care requirements; and so on.
2. Examine and evaluate how each of the four major ethical principles can be applied to this issue.© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 17, 2018, 11:14 am ad1c9bdddf
Introduction points /tips
In the last decade, the debate over the ethics of organ and transplant allocation has intensified and the attention sensationalized in the media. At the core of this issue critical questions remain. They include but are not limited to those regarding economics, race, geographic inequity and about the moral relevance and weight of geography, economics, and other disparities and inequities in transplant allocation (Stanford University, 2012). Transplant allocation raises questions regarding the four of the basic major ethical principles of medical ethics: autonomy, beneficence, justice and non-maleficence. As such, bioethicists typically refer to the four principles of health care ethics in their evaluation of the merits and difficulties of medical procedures such as transplants. With regards to issue of transplant allocation, the four ethical principles can be applied to the issue in the following ways:
The principle of autonomy involves the patient having 'a voice', ownership, autonomy of thought, action, intention and a level of advocacy when making decisions regarding their health care procedures. As such, and as it relates to transplant allocation, the decision-making process should and must be free of coercion or coaxing( of all involved and even the families of deceased individuals)(Robertson, 2005; SU, 2012). In order for a patient and for families to make educated and fully informed decision, they must understand all risks and benefits of the allocation and the actual transplant procedure as well as the likelihood for success, especially since the process can illicit intense emotions, financial and physical set-backs(SU, 2012).
This principle stipulates that the transplant ...
The expert describes a current ethical health care issue. The expert evaluates how each of the four major ethical principles which can be applied to the issue.
Ethical issues in public health and health services
You are being asked to consider ethical issues in public health and health services. Using course materials, the Internet, and your Cybrary you are to choose one of the following questions:
What tensions exist between protection of the public's health and protection of individual rights?
How should scarce health resources be allocated and used?
What should the balance be between expenditures and quality of life in the case of chronic and terminal illness?
What are appropriate limits on using expensive medical technology?
What obligations do health care insurers and health care providers have in meeting the right-to-know of patients as consumers?
What responsibility exists for the young to finance health care for older persons?
What obligation exists for government to protect the most vulnerable sectors of society?
Is health care a right or privilege in the United States?
While there are no right answers to these questions, it is necessary to be able to support your position with evidence, link medical ethics to your answer when appropriate, and cite the sources that you use in addressing the question you select.View Full Posting Details