o Which federal, state, and local agencies tasked with addressing and managing this issue.
o Describe the models and systems used to determine and analyze this issue, including sources of data such as vital statistics, managed care data, and disease registries.
o Define the community and targeted population
o Describe the epidemiologic surveillance systems used for monitoring the issue.
o Analyze epidemiology tools within other areas of the health care system's risk assessment and trends in disease and health needed to address© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 10, 2019, 3:51 am ad1c9bdddf
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Public Health Issue: heart disease in the African American population in Michigan, Indicator: Overweight and obesity, tobacco use
In any state, including Michigan, African American men are resistant to seek out a doctor's advice when having symptoms that need to be treated. According to K. Wisdom, Emergency Department Physician, patients did not take care of themselves and continued with unhealthy habits until either it was too late or they had a serious scare with a health problem. In Michigan, 40% of black males do not reach the age of 65. This is significantly lower than any other population. In African American women they live five years less than any other population in Michigan. The reasons are plentiful and include unhealthy eating, lack of exercise and ignoring symptoms of serious health problems. In more serious problems, risky behaviors are illicit drug use, unprotected sexual encounters, and alcohol abuse (2011).
To be more specific, the types of heart disease that are prevalent in this group are congestive heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. These debilitating issues can be chronic over a long period of time or cause instant death. These patients have problems with self-care and mobility. Men die at earlier ages but women are not far behind with death rates around 73.
As of September 1, 2008 Michigan joined the states that prohibit smoking in the workplace. This includes bars and restaurants. When investigating the information regarding smoking prevalence, at 49.5% were current smokers. By racial breakdown more Blacks were supportive of the Smoke-free law than any other group.
Which federal, state, and local agencies tasked with addressing and managing this ...
Using research to validate, the prevalence of heart disease in the African American population in Michigan is carefully assessed in this guide.