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Summative and Formative Evaluation in Community Health Programs

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Explain the importance of formative and summative evaluation strategies in determining the effectiveness and impact of community health programs.

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Formative evaluations occur incrementally or periodically during the development and implementation of a program. They are designed to evaluate how well a program is meeting its objectives and to determine if possible changes are necessary in the design or facilitation of the program. The design approach should be to help people utilize the program efficiently and effectively (Visser, 2008). The formative evaluation is not meant to evaluate the participants of the program, but how well the program meets their needs. However, an effective program does contribute to sustained motivation of ...

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The brief discussion focuses on the difference between summative and formative evaluation. The explanation demonstrates the context in which each can be used. 355 words.

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