What are the advantages and disadvantages of norm- and criterion-related assessments and formative and summative evaluations? Which are most valuable for teachers of students with ID(intellectual disability)? Why?
What are the advantages and disadvantages of norm- and criterion-related assessments and formative and summative evaluations?
Norm-related assessments: Students are identified as average, above average, or below average. Achievement in the classroom will differ because of differences in students such as the background knowledge they already have on a concept, learning skills they possess, and self-motivation. Generally, the achievement results will create a normal distribution of scores with most in the middle (average) and few with very low or very high scores. Advantages include the fact that everyone involved knows exactly what to expect and they understand exactly how the test will be graded. This not only ...