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Literary Devices

1. Which of the following best defines parallelism?
A. The use of symbols and figures of speech
B. The repetition of a grammatical structure or arrangement of words.
C. The use of words or phrases with emotional associations
D. The expression of the same idea in different words.

2. Statements such as always, everybody, and never are cue words for which of the following?
A. Emotional appeals
B. Overgeneralizations
C. Ethical concerns
D. Logical appeals

3. Which of the following best expresses the writer's main idea in "Single Room, Earth View"?
A. Space exploration leads to human progress.
B. Space travel offers a unique view of Earth.
C. Astronauts are highly trained scientists
D. Pollution is endangering Earth.

4. How can readers best analyze and evaluate persuasive appeals?
A. By testing the author's logic and reasoning.
B. By outlining the author's main points.
C. By examining the author's diction and syntax.
D. By discounting the author's rhetorical devices

5. What does Lian Dolan mean in "Carrying Your Own Skis" when she says that "skiing was work"?
A. Skiing was not at all enjoyable.
B. Skiers then did not have the conveniences they have now.
C. Skiing was a very expensive sport, and you had to work hard to pay for it.
D. Many young people had jobs working in ski lodges and on ski slopes.

6. What is the main focus of Carl Sandburg's biography of Lincoln in the selection from A Lincoln Preface?
A. Lincoln's childhood
B. The presidential election of 1860
C. The assassination of Lincoln in 1865
D. Lincoln's many-sided personality

7. In "Carry Your Own Skis", when did the author's mother start skiing?
A. When she was a very young child
B. When she was a teenager
C. When she was forty years old
D. When she became a grandmother

8. How does Sandburg portray Lincoln as a politician?
A. Practical
B. Misleading
C. Dishonest
D. Amateurish

9. Some works of nonfiction examine and discuss a focused topic and include the writer's personal viewpoints. This type of nonfiction is known as which of the following?
A. Speech
B. Essay
C. Lyric
D. Short Story.

Solution Preview

PLEASE HELP ANSWER THE FOLLOWING LITERATURE QUESTIONS

1. Which of the following best defines parallelism?
Parallelism is defined as "the use of components in a sentence that are grammatically same or similar in their construction, sound, meaning or meter.
This method adds balance and rhythm to sentences giving ideas a smoother flow and thus can be persuasive because of the repetition it employs. For example, "Alice ran into the room, into the garden, and into our hearts." We see the repetition of a phrase that not only gives the sentence a balance but rhythm and flow as well. This repetition can also occur in similar structured clauses e.g. "Whenever you need me, wherever you need me, I will be there for you.'" (literarydevices.net)
In writing, this technique is highly effective as it adds a dissimilar structure to focus the reader's attention on a specific point of the author's. Think on this structure as well from history: "I came, I saw, I conquered". The focus here would be the speaker and his/her overcoming an obstacle and emerging as victor.
A. The use of symbols and figures of speech
B. The repetition of a grammatical structure or arrangement of words.
C. The use of words or phrases with emotional associations
D. The expression of the same idea in different words.

2. Statements such as always, everybody, and never are cue words for which of the following?
In argumentative writing especially, language must include a balance between opposing views. It is dangerous to assert that "everyone" "always" feels or thinks a certain way. For example, Republicans "always" vote prolife, or Democrats "always" support welfare programs. These overgeneralizations can falsify an argument, because there is no allowance for an opposing view.
A. Emotional appeals
B. Overgeneralizations
C. Ethical concerns
D. Logical appeals

3. Which of the following best expresses the ...

Solution Summary

Explanations to questions on literary devices including parallelism, main idea, and author's purpose. References Sally Ride's "Single Room, Earth's Views", Carl Sandburg's biography on Lincoln, and Lian Dolan's "Carry Your Own Skis".

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