What problems do readers usually exhibit with vocabulary?
What do we want teachers to know about vocabulary instruction?
Why should vocabulary instruction be an area of concern for teachers?
Six types of context clues:
Guidelines for teaching vocabulary:
Little research on best combination, but using multiple approaches optimizes learning.
Vocabulary should be taught directly and indirectly.
Multiple exposures, especially using computer technology, appear to produce great benefits.
Vocabulary growth rate through context are the same for good and poor readers - difference in amount read. "Rich get richer - poor get poorer" - Matthew effect (Skanovich, 1986)
Reading is single largest source for vocabulary development after third grade (Beck & McKowan, 1991)
Six types of context clues: definition, examples, illustration, contrast, logic, root words, affixes, and grammar.
What is the basis?
Preparation of students for academic testing hurdles. Reading / Lang. Arts combination used for AYP determination. End of Course Tests Millers Analogy / ACT ...