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What role does spelling have in an effective reading program? How can spelling best be taught? Should schools implement a formal spelling program? Why or why not?

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What role does spelling have in an effective reading program?

http://www.ldonline.org/article/How_Spelling_Supports_Reading
Nevertheless, research has shown that learning to spell and learning to read rely on much of the same underlying knowledge ? such as the relationships between letters and sounds ? and, not surprisingly, that spelling instruction can be designed to help children better understand that key knowledge, resulting in better reading. Catherine Snow et al. summarize the real importance of spelling for reading as follows: "Spelling and reading build and rely on the same mental representation of a word. Knowing the spelling of a word makes the representation of it sturdy and accessible for fluent reading."

http://www.spellingcity.com/importance-of-spelling.html
Abstract: The importance of spelling has been questioned in recent years as word processing programs are equipped with spell checkers, and some educational reformists have suggested that focusing on spelling holds back the creative processes of writing, and that students will naturally develop spelling skills through reading. Reading specialist Susan Jones, M.Ed., has researched how spelling improves ...

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Two paragraph for each of the three questions.

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