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The Importance of Mainstreaming In Today's Public Schools

Question: What is the impact of philosophy, history, litigation, or legislation on the understanding of learning disabilities (LD), its definition, identification practices, and prevalence? Use specific examples to illustrate your point.

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The mainstream movement (providing quality education to students with disabilities in the regular classroom to the greatest extent possible (i.e., least restrictive environment) began during the 1950s as an extension of the civil rights movement, which pursued equal opportunities across racial boundaries. This movement slowly entered the arena of public schools and gave way to numerous court decisions and legislation supporting people with disabilities. Prior to the 1970s, many states had laws permitting public schools to deny enrollment to students with disabilities. When ...