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    The Leveled Literacy Intervention Program

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    I need to work on that discusses the Fountas & Pinnell Leveled Literacy Intervention program. I need to find some reputable journal articles that discuss the program and its effectiveness in teaching exceptional learners. Any help you can offer is appreciated. Thank you!

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    (LLI)-Leveled Literacy Intervention: Overview

    The Fountas & Pinnell Leveled Literacy Intervention System (LLI) is a small-group, supplementary intervention program designed to help teachers provide powerful, daily, small-group instruction for the lowest achieving children in the early grades.

    Lessons across the three systems progress from beginning reading in Kindergarten or Grade 1 (Level A) to beginning reading for Grade 3 (Level N).

    • LLI is designed to be used with small groups of young children who need intensive support to achieve grade-level competency.
    • Participants include low-achieving children who are not receiving another supplementary intervention.
    • English language learners can also benefit from LLI.

    When it comes to reading instruction in the early grades, the names Fountas and Pinnell are likely the two most referenced authors in the country. Fountas is currently a professor in the School of Education at Lesley University in Cambridge, Massachusetts. The former classroom teacher, language arts specialist, and consultant currently directs the Literacy Collaborative within the School of Education at Lesley.

    Pinnell, professor emeritus at The Ohio State University, is the recipient of the International Reading Association's Albert J. Harris Award for research and the Charles A. Dana Foundation Award for contributions to the field of education. Generally considered the catalyst for bringing Reading Recovery to schools in the US, she too has an extensive background in classroom teaching and the development of comprehensive approaches to literacy education.

    In 1996, the two reading experts revolutionized classroom teaching with their systematic approach to small-group reading instruction. Today, the concept of Guided Reading is a featured technique in nearly every elementary school in America.

    Their latest efforts, the Leveled Literacy Intervention program was created in response to the demands of teachers and administrators for a scientifically-based, early intervention program for struggling readers. Utilizing a comprehensive anchoring text, "When Readers Struggle: Teaching that Works," the program focuses on preventing difficulties before they become long-term educational challenges.

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    Solution Summary

    A description of Fountas & Linnell Leveled Literacy intervention program for exceptional children.