Consider the age group of students (4th, 5th. & 6th) you are teaching and indentify which of Erickson's strages of development your students will most likely be in. Define Erickson's development phase(s) that you believe best fits your future students. Explain what you expect to observe in your students in this phase. In addition, describe how you use this stage of their development.
Here is a start.
Please look at the reference pdf. Please do cite that. The url is http://homepages.utoledo.edu/mcaruso/lifespan/course_conclusions.pdf
Develop a plan whereby you would integrate a part of each of the theorists (Piaget, Kohlberg, Gilligan) into your classroom environment. Be certain to use knowledge from the text.
Piaget's developmental phase that correspond to the age group of 5-6th graders will be most likely in their
Concrete operational stage (Elementary and early adolescence). In this stage (characterized by 7 types of conservation: number, length, liquid, mass, weight, area, volume), intelligence is demonstrated through logical and systematic manipulation of symbols related to concrete objects. According to Marcy Driscoll, there are three basic instructional principles on which Piagetian theorists generally agree. (Driscoll, 1994).
· Principle 1: The learning environment should support the activity of the child (i.e., an active, discovery-oriented environment) (Driscoll, 1994).
· Principle 2: Children's interactions with their peers are an important source of cognitive development (i.e., peer teaching and social negotiation) (Driscoll, 1994).
· Principle 3: Adopt instructional strategies that make children aware of conflicts and inconsistencies in their thinking (i.e., conflict teaching and Socratic dialog) (Driscoll, 1994).
Operational thinking develops (mental actions that are reversible). Egocentric thought processes will diminish as young children will learn to adapt to the school life in a social environment as presented by the class-room instruction setting. Piaget believed that children begin development by being cognitively egocentric, meaning that they do not know about ...
Piaget's developmental Stages, Carol Gilligan's Moral Development theory: explained