There are various types of water pollution. Water pollution occurs when contaminants enter a water body and the water body becomes impacted; farms, industries, and even homes can be a source of pollution. For this response, discuss eutrophication and the following concepts:
-Definition of selected pollution topic
-Causes and sources of pollution
-Impacts on both on the natural environment/ecosystems and human populations due to the pollution issue
-Recommended solutions to mitigate the problem
Eutrophication occurs when an excess of nutrients, usually in the form of nitrogen or phosphorous, is released into a nutrient deficient water body (Cloern, 2007). This leads to an increase of aquatic plant growth. Over time, this excessive plant growth can turn the lake into a bog, with low oxygen content and life, or even into land. However, eutrophication is accelerated by human deposition of nutrients into a water body, which can create "dead lakes". Nutrients can be added to a water body artificially through fertilizer use, nutrients carried from runoff, agriculture, sewage treatment plants, suburban lawns, and dumping waste into the water system. ...
This solution defines eutrophication and explains its cause and effects, as well as outlining suggested solutions for solving this problem.