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    Project Management in Information Technology

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    Concerning the project life cycle and required project management skills answer the following questions:

    What major tasks occur at each of the four project phases?
    What is the role of the project sponsor?
    How do you determine who are project stakeholders?
    What are the skills needed to be a successful project manager?
    Make sure that you briefly describe why each of the listed tasks is critical to the success of the project and how each of the listed skills helps the project manager.

    Concerning the relationship between the project and product life cycles, answer the following questions:

    What additional phases does the product life cycle have that the project life cycle does not have?
    What is the spiral model? How is the spiral model applied to the product life cycle of a set of software releases such as the Microsoft Windows family as it evolves?
    How can the product life cycle stages be extended to reap more profit from a product?

    Please cite sources.

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    Solution Preview

    What major tasks occur at each of the four project phases?

    Like living creatures, projects progress through a "life cycle." The stages of the project life cycle provide control mechanisms for project managers and help those involved understand where a project is and where it is going.
    Method123.com (2003) provides the following visual:

    The University of Phoenix Simulation (2003) defines each phase:
    "Initiation/Definition: To begin with, the objectives of the project are defined, specifications are set out, teams are formed, and major responsibilities are assigned."
    "Planning: In this stage, plans are developed to determine the scope of the project, the schedule, the quality level to be maintained, and the budget."
    "Execution: This is the phase in which the physical product is produced. Time, cost, and specification measures are used for control. This phase includes activities that coordinate people and other resources to carry out the project plan. Activities are monitored regularly and progress is measured to identify variances from plan, and to take requisite corrective action to ensure that the project objectives are met."
    "Delivery/Closure: This stage usually includes two activities: delivering the product to the customer and redeploying project resources. Delivery of the project might include customer training and transferring documents. ...

    Solution Summary

    Project management on the web discussion and references.

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