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# Time taken to send packet from source to destination

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Consider sending a file of F bytes over a path of Q links. Each link transmits at R bps. The network is lightly loaded so that there are no queuing delays. Propagation delay on each link is Tp on average.

a. Suppose the network is a packet-switched virtual-circuit (VC) network. Denote the VC setup time by Ts seconds. Suppose the sending layers add a total of h bits of header to each packet. How long does it take to send the file from source to destination?

b. Suppose the network is a packet-switched datagram network, and a connectionless service is used. Now suppose each packet has 2h bits of header. How long does it take to send the packet?

c. Finally, suppose that the network is a circuit-switched network. Further suppose that the transmission rate of the circuit between source and destination is R bps. Assuming Ts setup time and h bits of header appended to the packet, how long does it take to send the packet?

https://brainmass.com/computer-science/files/time-taken-to-send-packet-from-source-to-destination-293917

#### Solution Preview

Since nothing is given about the packet size, this solution assumes that packet size is big enough to accommodate (F+2h/8) bytes.

(a) In case of packet-switched virtual-circuit network, first the virtual connection is set up in Ts seconds, and then the packet is transmitted through Q links.

Packet size = F bytes + h bits header = (8F+h) bits

Time to transmit the packet onto a link = Time taken to transmit the packet + ...

#### Solution Summary

Since nothing is given about the packet size, this solution assumes that packet size is big enough to accommodate (F+2h/8) bytes.

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## Solve LAN scenario

Include the following:

I. The physical extent of the LAN (number of buildings).The number of users.
1. Dental office is in on building. There are:
1 Receptionist
1 Scheduler
1 Billing Clerk
1 Senior Accounting Staff
3 Dental Hygienists
2 Full-time Dentist
2 Dental Assistants
The office has 4 separate rooms, each one with its own set up of dental equipment and 1 X-ray room

II. The number of nodes and workstation types (i.e., Pentium, etc.).
Specifics type and explain (Dell Pentium)

III. The number of servers.
Specifics and explain (Dell Printer server, File, Web)

IV. The applications (i.e., e-mail, Windows, MS Office, etc.).
Specifics and explain

V. The architecture (i.e., client/server, peer-to-peer, mainframe, segmented, etc.).
Specifics and explain

VI. The topology (i.e., bus, ring, star, etc.).
Specifics and explain

VII. The media (i.e., UTP, STP, Coaxial cable, Fiber, etc.).
Specifics and explain (UTP)

VIII. The connections (i.e., Hubs, repeaters, bridges, gateways, etc.).
Specifics and explain

IX. The NOS (i.e., Novell, Windows NT, UNIX, etc.).
Specifics and explain (Windows NT)

X. The LAN Management (i.e., administrator, help desk, etc.).

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