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    Thermal Chemistry

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    I'm having problems understanding the ideas in the topic of thermal chemistry and would appreciate any sort of overview of the main concepts you could provide.

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    Solution Preview

    Please see attached.

    The basic idea behind thermochemistry is that when a chemical reaction takes place, some amount of energy is given off or absorbed. There are many different definitions of the "energy" given off in the chemical reaction - this mainly depends on the conditions. The following table illustrates this:

    delta G gibbs free energy reaction takes place under
    constant pressure, volume
    is allowed to change

    delta A helmholtz free energy reaction takes place under
    constant volume, pressure is
    allowed to change

    delta H enthalpy usually for reactions in a
    calorimeter (constant volume
    & pressure)

    There can be a lot of confusion about when to use which of these - basically the best thing to do is to do lots of practice problems ...

    Solution Summary

    The solution provides a brief overview of the topic of thermal chemistry, including explanations of Gibbs' free energy, enthalpy, endo/exothermic reactions and more.