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Modern Analytical Techniques

Write an account on what you consider to be the most significant advances made in the field of modern analytical techniques during the last five years. Include specific examples in your answer.

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Traditionally, analytical chemistry has been split into two main types, qualitative and quantitative:

? Qualitative
Qualitative inorganic analysis seeks to establish the presence of a given element or inorganic compound in a sample.
Qualitative organic analysis seeks to establish the presence of a given functional group or organic compound in a sample.
? Quantitative
Quantitative analysis seeks to establish the amount of a given element or compound in a sample.

Most modern analytical chemistry is categorized by two different approaches such as analytical targets or analytical methods. Analytical Chemistry (journal) reviews two different approaches alternatively in the issue 12 of each year.
? By Analytical Targets
o Bioanalytical chemistry
o Material analysis
o Chemical analysis
o Environmental analysis
o Forensics
? By Analytical Methods
o Spectroscopy
o Mass Spectrometry
o Chromatography & Electrophoresis
o Crystallography
o Microscopy
o Electrochemistry

There are many techniques available for the analysis of materials; however, they are all based on the material's interaction with energy. This interaction permits the creation of a signal that is subsequently detected and processed for its information content.

The types of analysis techniques conform to the various types of energy:
? Spectroscopic Analysis
Spectroscopy measures the interaction of the material with electromagnetic radiation.
? Electrochemical Analysis
Electrochemistry measures the interaction of the ...

Solution Summary

This solution looks at the two types of analytical chemistry and defines both, and describes the process of 5 of analytical targets and 6 analytical methods that has made the most significant advances in modern analytical techniques.