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Tuckman's Five-Stage Model in Organizational Behaviour

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• Reflect on a team of which you have been a member. Describe what happened in each stage of the group's development according to Tuckman's Five-Stage Model. Was it a mature group? How did you know?
• Did the group progress linearly from one step to another or did it experience periods of little progress punctuated by bursts of energy, as Gersick describes? Justify your response.

In many cases, managers do not appear to use a systematic approach to decision making. Instead, they rely on "hunches," or intuition, to make quick decisions based on recognition of situational possibilities. Creativity and innovation in organizations can lead to success. However, managers need to understand how to recognize and nurture creativity and innovation in employees.

• What is the role of intuition and creativity in decision making?
Can intuition and creativity be learned?
• How can organizations encourage creative and innovative decision making?

One of the most fundamental aspects of group decision making is the ability to discuss important issues related to the decision. Discussion helps identify factual errors or errors in judgment, builds a shared understanding, and facilitates coordination among the group. When group members share the perception that their group wants to improve and learn, they are more likely to discuss important issues.

• Review some articles on decision-making techniques. Describe three or four techniques and compare them. Identify the strengths and weaknesses of each, and cite the sources you identified.

• How do organizations encourage political activity?
• How can managers prevent the negative consequences of political behavior?
• Which influence tactics are most effective?
• Explain the reactions supervisors can have to influence tactics.

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Step 1
The team of which I have been a member is a work team which assembled lathe machines. During the forming stage every person was pleasant and volunteered to work. The second stage is the storming stage. During this stage there were conflicts. People wanted their viewpoint to be given priority. During the norming stage every person had decided that the goals of the team were to be achieved. Every person was willing to contribute to the goal of the team. The goal was to have an adequate number of machines ready. The fourth stage was performing. During this stage the performance of the group improved. Everyone contributed to the goal of improving performance. The fifth stage is the adjourning stage (a). This stage has not yet been reached because the group continues to function. The group is mature. It has the ability to be self directed, has an increased tolerance in accepting that progress takes time, and has an increasing sensitivity to its own feelings. The group can now withstand conflicts.

The group did not progress linearly from one step to another. There were periods when there was little progress. According to Gersick there bursts of energy. These bursts of energy were seen in the group. During the storming stage there was a paralysis of activity because of conflict, but when the team members realized that the lathes had to be assembled, They ...

Solution Summary

This solution discusses behavior and decision making in a group with reference to Tuckman's Five-Stage Model. The response also has the sources used.

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Team Building Games for Morals and Productivity

Explain how group cohesiveness influences productivity
Identify characteristics of emergent leaders in an informal group
Describe how a team's morale and productivity reflect the supervisor's behavior and attitude

Perform the following tasks:
Read the introduction.
"How Would You Handle a Donkey?"

In your group there is a stubborn donkey who will never change his opinion no matter what; an entertaining but constantly chattering, mischief-making monkey; and a peacock who proudly shares his "I'm brilliant and colorful" status and struts around but gets little done. There is also an inspirational lion and a loving female momma cat who would be cleaning up and organizing everyone to make sure they had lunch....

In the discussion, you identified two additional animals you'd like to recruit to your group and what you might do to encourage helpful behaviors and cultivate leadership in the group. You also considered ways to control or manage those who were harming the group's productivity and morale.

Research the Web for team-building activities/games that could be used in your group to improve morale and productivity. Consider the five-stage model of group development in your research:

Stage 1: Forming
Stage 2: Norming
Stage 3: Storming
Stage 4: Performing
Stage 5: Adjourning

Choose one (1) team-building activity/game that would be appropriate for a particular stage of group development, and another activity/game that would be appropriate for a different stage of group development.

For each team-building activity/game researched:
Provide a detailed description (preparation, instructions, and so on)
Explain at what stage of the group development it would be used for and why.
Explain what you like about it and why.
Explain how you might improve on it as supervisor/team leader.
Provide your sources of information.

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