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Essentials for Successful Organizational Team

Management Theory and Practice

"Teams are an important aspect of organizational life, and the ability to manage them is an important component of manager and organization success"


Discuss the above statement with the following guidelines, and in your discussion use your organization (or an organization of your choice) as a practical example to support your argument.

1. Why do you think managing team is such an important part of a manager's job?

2. Briefly discuss the five stages of team development. Which stage do you think is the most crucial stage that a manager should pay special attention to? Why?

3. Discuss the task specialist and socio-emotional roles of a team member. Which role is more important for a team's effectiveness? Why?

4. What is the relationship between team cohesiveness and team performance?

5. Describe the advantage and disadvantages of teams. In what situation might the disadvantages outweigh the advantages?

Important Note

1. The above are generally the guidelines for the entire essay, it is not individual question and answer. We must use one real company as example and apply the theories for the above requirements.

2. Application of theory and practical example are equally important with appropriate use of Harvard referencing method with in text citation.

3. Recommended author for this subject is Richard L. Daft and recommended reading is The New Era of Management 2006 and 2008. And all others related management theory and practice readings including online, journal and etc.

4. Plagiarism check is needed via some software so originality is important and no wholesale copying is allowed.

5. Report should be in essay format.

6. Sufficient use of references is crucial.

Need guidance for the above. This is at master level and application of both theory and practical real life example in business context are both equally important.

Solution Preview

Managing Teams for Organization's Success

According to Cohen and Bailey (1997):
"A team is a collection of individuals who are interdependent in their tasks, who share responsibility for outcomes, who sees themselves and who are seen by others as an intact social entity embedded in one or more larger social systems ... , and who manage their relationships across organizational boundaries." (p. 241).

Therefore, done right a team can accomplish much more than those same individuals working separately. So, creating and supporting a successful team is essential for organizational success.

However, it is important to make the distinction between a successful team and a group. Failing to make the distinction may create negative connotation for the concept of team and thus missed opportunity for organizational success. So read Hackman's (1990) book titled "Groups that work (and those that don't)" that discusses the differences between groups and teams. The differences Hackman (1990) discussed are in the area of common goal, mutual accountability, trust and collaboration, shared leadership, and synergy.

Cohen and Bailey (1997) also pointed out that 82% of companies with 100 or employees reported that they use teams. In addition, 68% of fortune 1000 companies reported that they used self-managed teams, and 91% reported that they use employee participation group.

Stages of Team Development

Tuckman (1965) suggested four team development stages that teams have to go through in order to be successful. They are: forming, storming, norming, and performing.

Forming: This is the team development and orientation stage. At this stage team members start to know each other, understand each others' strength, weakness, and expectations.

Storming: At this stage team members try to establish proper norms for appropriate behaviour, because at this stage various interpersonal conflicts arise due to conflicting team ...

Solution Summary

The solution is applicable to any paper related to team dynamics and essentials for organizational teams. A step-by-step guideline with references from top-tier peer reviewed journals is provided. The areas that are being covered are stages of team development, team cohesiveness and performance, team role and pitfalls for team's success. Some of the journal articles are located at Google Scholar; the others are located at online library databases such as ProQuest, EBSCOweb, and JSTOR.