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Leadership Theories: Effectiveness, Change, and Safety

1. Select four leadership theories (Path-goal, leader-member exchange, contingency and situational theory)

2. Compare and contrast these theories using the following questions as a guideline:
-Effectiveness. How does it serve its purpose and help leaders achieve desired results?
-Organizational change. In which way do the principles of this theory(s) produce significant movement in an organization?
-Public Safety leadership. How do the principles of this theory(s) provide leaders in the public safety field with the information they need to fulfill their responsibilities?

3. Based on your research, write a 4-5 page summary with your findings and conclusions. Explain your perspective of how the theories compare and which one you find to be the most influential in your current or desired line of work (Emergency Services).

It must:
Analyze the effectiveness of a specific model of leadership theory in mechanistic and organic functioning entities and explains how those principles are applied in practice.

Analyze the positive and negative aspects of a specific model of leadership theory in routine operations and crisis management and provides a real life example.

Please include graphs.

Solution Preview

What is leadership?
An online source noted that leadership is a major way in which people change and move the minds of others and move organizations forward to accomplish identified goals. Leaders, considered as prime movers, may apply the following theories in their leadership:

Contingency leadership theory
Contingency leadership theory argues that there is no single way of leading people and organizations. As such, every leadership style should be contingent or based on certain situation ( oftentimes, people-related situation). As noted by another online source, there are certain people who perform at the maximum level in certain places; but at minimal performance when taken out of their element. The style of leadership is therefore dependent on how responsive the followers are.

Exchange theory of leadership
Exchange theory is also known as transactional theory of leadership. The same online source noted that it is characterized by a transaction made between the leader and the followers. The focus is a positive and mutually beneficial relationship between the leader and its followers. In applying this theory, the leader develops an environment that is mutually reinforcing - followers are motivated resulting to alignment of individual and organizational goals ( ).

Path-Goal Theory
This theory provides that leaders clarify the path to the attainment of workers' ...

Solution Summary

For this report, leadership is defined. In applying leadership, a leader may be guided by leadership theories - path-goal, exchange, contingency, and situational. Application of these will be dependent on how the leader characterizes the followers, the situation, and himself. Applicability of the theories in crisis, change, and emergency services management situations were also emphasized.