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The National Labor Relations Act (1935)

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What were the provisions of the National Labor Relations Act (1935) and the historical effects of these provisions?

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Solution Summary

This solution explains the provisions of the National Labor Relations Act (1935) and the compelling historical events surrounding these provisions.

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1. What were the provisions of the National Labor Relations Act (1935) and the historical effects of these provisions?

National Labor Relations Act (NLRA), federal law enacted by the United States Congress in July 1935 to govern the labor-management relations of business firms engaged in interstate commerce. The act is generally known as the Wagner Act, after Senator Robert R. Wagner of New York.

Provisions of the Act

a. The general objective of the act to guarantee to employees "the right to self-organization, to form, join, or assist labor organizations, to bargain collectively through representatives of their own choosing, and to engage in concerted activities for the purpose of collective bargaining or other mutual aid and protection."

b. To safeguard these rights and to ensure the orderly exercise of them, the act created the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB), which, among other powers, has the authority to prevent employers from engaging in certain specified unfair labor practices.

c. Examples of such practices are acts of interference, restraint, or coercion upon employees with respect to their right to organize and bargain collectively; domination of or interference with the formation or administration of any labor organization, or the contribution of financial or other support thereto; discrimination in regard to hiring or dismissal of employees or to any term or condition of employment, in order to encourage or discourage membership in any labor organization; discrimination against any employee for filing charges or giving testimony under the provisions of the act; and refusal to bargain collectively with the representative chosen by a majority of employees in a bargaining unit deemed appropriate by the NLRB.

b. What are the historical events of these provisons?

History After Passage

Before the enactment of the NLRA, the federal government had refrained almost entirely from supporting collective bargaining over wages and working ...

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