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    Overview on influenza vaccines

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    Influenza Vaccines

    - H and N strains (if there are more)
    - vaccine types
    - disadvantages of vaccines and risk of vaccines

    Just need 1 or 2 page for group assingment. It is not for final.

    You can use those cites.
    Sources about influenza vaccines:

    CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) (last update 10 June 2015) Influenza (Flu). Retrieved 12 July 2015 from http://www.cdc.gov/flu/.The CDC influenza Web site is an excellent source for information about the flu. The following links on "Prevention-Flu Vaccine" page are relevant to your topic: Vaccine Production, Selection, Vaccine Advances, and Types of Influenza Vaccines.

    NIAID (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases) (last update 07 October 2014) Influenza (Flu). Retrieved 12 July 2015 from http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/flu/Pages/default.aspx . The following sections include information relevant to your topic: Vaccine Research (link in the NIAID Role in Vaccine Research box), What's New, and Congressional Testimony (Feb. 3, 2015 Recent Testimony to Congress).

    NIAID (14 Jan. 2011) New Vaccine Technologies. Retrieved 12 July 2015 from http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/Flu/Research/vaccineResearch/Pages/Technologies.aspx

    Report to the President on U.S. Preparations for 2009-H1N1 Influenza (August 7, 2009), Executive Office of the President, President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology. Retrieved 12 July 2015 from http://www.whitehouse.gov/assets/documents/PCAST_H1N1_Report.pdf

    FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) (18 Jan. 2013) The Evolution, and Revolution, of Flu Vaccines. Retrieved 12 July 2015 from http://www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm336267.htm

    Sources for general information about vaccines:

    NIH (National Institutes of Health) Understanding Vaccines, What They Are and How They Work, NIH Publication No. 08-4219 (January 2008). Retrieved 12 July 2015 from http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/vaccines/documents/undvacc.pdf.

    PBS Frontline (21 March 2015) "The Vaccine War". Retrieved 12 July 2015 from http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/vaccines/view/?autoplay. This program discusses the science, politics, and social issues related to getting vaccinated for infectious diseases.

    *A quote by Dr. Peter Palese of Mount Sinai Medical Center in Sanders, L. (27 February 2010) Of Swine and Men, Scientists study H1N1's past to predict what the virus has in store, Science News 177(5)22-26.

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    Solution Preview

    Overview on Influenza vaccines
    Influenza vaccines
    1. H and N strains of Influenza vaccines
    1.1. Traditional flu vaccines are called Trivalent vaccines (Can you guess why they are called trivalent?). They protect against Influenza A (H1N1) virus, an influenza A (H3N2) virus and an influenza B virus.
    1.2. Quadrivalent vaccines also exist which protect against the strains covered above for the trivalent and an additional B virus
    2. Available Influenza vaccines
    2.1. Standard-dose trivalent shorts-manufactured from eggs, different shots for people of different ages (find out what age groups this vaccine covers)
    2.2. Intradermal trivalent shot-injected into skin instead of muscle, uses much smaller needle ...

    Solution Summary

    This is a presentation of notes to guide a write up overview on influenza vaccines. It covers the definition of infleunza, the types of viruses, vaccines, disadvantages and risks of influenza vaccines. This is meant to stimulate the student to study more on this subject