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Adrenal Glands and The Autonomic Nervous System

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The question:

The adrenal glands are in part controlled by the sympathetic and parasympathetic branches of the autonomic nervous system. Name the hormones involved in this regulation and the functions of each

I know that the sympathetic is adrenaline and noradrenaline. I can't find what the parasympathetic hormones are. I know they slow heart rate and reduce blood pressure and induce a state of relaxation.

I can find the functions of the hormones if someone could point me in the direction of where to find out which hormones I need to write about!

Thanks

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https://brainmass.com/biology/human-nervous-system/adrenal-glands-and-the-autonomic-nervous-system-297708

Solution Preview

To find the answer, we must find out the anatomy of the adrenal glands which will give you the innervation, and then look for the physiology which will give you what they secret and the effects.
The adrenal glands are divided into medulla (inner part) and cortex (outer part).
The innervation of the medulla derives from the sympathetic ganglions. In fact the adrenal medulla cells are considered modified sympathetic postganglionic neurons (McCorryl,. 2007). The medulla produces epinephrine (adrenaline), norepinephrine (noradrenaline) and dopamine. "Norepinephrine causes a marked increase in peripheral vascular resistance as a result of ...

Solution Summary

Discussion of the relationship between the hormones secreted by the adrenal glands and the sympathetic and parasympathetic branches of the autonomic nervous system.

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C. What is the function of triiodothyronine?

D. What is the function of calcitonin?

E. What is hyperthyroidism? What are its effects on the body?

Activity 3: The Parathyroid Gland

Questions:

A. What does parathyroid hormone (PTH) do?

B. Based on your answer to Question 1, can you live without your parathyroid glands? Why or why not?

Activity 4: The Thymus Gland

Questions:

A. What does the hormone tymosin do?

B. Based on your answer to Question 1, explain why the thymus gland shrinks as we
reach adulthood.

Activity 5: The Adrenal Gland

Questions:

A. The adrenal glands are in part controlled by the sympathetic and parasympathetic branches of the autonomic nervous system. Name the hormones involved in this regulation and the functions of each.

B. Where in the adrenal gland are mineralocorticoids made?

C. What are the functions of mineralocorticoids? Give an example of a mineralocorticoid hormone.

D. Where in the adrenal glands are glucocorticoids made?
E. What are the functions of glucocorticoids? Give an example of a glucocorticoid.

Activity 6: The Pancreas

Questions:

A. Explain the difference between an exocrine gland and an endocrine gland.

B. What is the exocrine function of the pancreas?

C. What endocrine hormones does the pancreas produce? What is the function of each?

D. Diabetes is a serious health problem in the United States. Explain what diabetes is and the differences between the Type 1 and Type 2 forms of the disease.

Activity 7: The Gonads

Questions:

A. What are the endocrine functions of the testes?

B. What does testosterone do?

C. What are the endocrine functions of the ovaries?

D. What do estrogen and progesterone do?

E. How do birth control pills work in terms of endocrine function?

Activity 8: Endocrine System Review

a. Describe the effects that a malfunctioning pituitary gland would have on an individual?

b. Which endocrine glands would be most affected by prolonged mental stress on the body? (i.e. work, lack of time, worrying etc.) Explain your reasoning in detail.

c. Explain in general how a hormone works.

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