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    Viscoelastic characteristics of tendons and ligaments and mechanical stimuli associated with musculoskeletal tissue differentiation

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    Describe with accompanying (sketches) important viscoelastic related characteristics of tendons and ligaments when mechanically stretched.

    Also describe the mechanical stimuli associated with musculoskeletal tissue differentiation.

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    Viscoelastic characteristics of tendons and ligaments

    The concept of viscoelasticity deals with time-dependent mechanical behavior in which the relationship between stress applied and strain elicited depends on the length of time the load is applied. In other words, the response of a material to the same load changes as the duration over which the load is applied changes. Tendons and ligaments show three major properties of viscoelasticity as follows.

    The first property is referred to as "creep," which means that the tendon continues to deform under a constant load. This is different to an elastic material (fully elastic, which does not show increased deformation (or change) no matter how long a load is applied). In other words, tendons are not like rubber bands in that they will continue to deform even if the load remains constant. Creep is illustrated as follows:

    Please see attachment.

    The second property of a viscoelastic material is stress relaxation in which stress in the object will be reduced under constant deformation. Note that this is constant deformation ...

    Solution Summary

    The expert examines the viscoelastic characteristics of tendons, ligaments and mechanical stimuli.