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Prostate Cancer Study

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A 42-year old banker was encouraged to go for a PSA test by his brother who was diagnosed with prostrate cancer at 48.

Results: PSA level: 5.6ng/mL
Digital exam: asymmetrically firm prostrate on the right
Ultrasound: prostate volume of 32 cc; Bone scan: no evidence of metastasis

1. What does PSA stand for? (prostate specific antigen) am i correct?
2. What anatomical structure is in a convenient location for digital examination of the prostrate?
3. What other tests (besides digital exam and PSA screening) should be included in a prostate diagnosis?
4. Why is a bone scan used to test for metastasis in a case like this?

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Solution Preview

1. PSA stands for Prostate-Specific Antigen. (Yes you are correct)
2. The rectum is generally used to exam the prostate during a digital examination.
3. Other tests that can be included in a prostate diagnosis are: prostate ultrasound and biopsy, Cystoscopy, CAT scans of the prostate and bladder, and an MRI to exam the ...

Solution Summary

Case study on prostate cancer. Prostate specific antigen is examined.