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    Macronutrients - functions and sources

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    Activity #1
    Use the list below to describe the functions and sources of each macronutrient. You also need to describe the relationship each macronutrient has with health, illness, and death.

    Major Physiological Functions

    Sources of each

    Relationship with Health, Illness, and Death

    Carbohydrates

    Lipids

    Protein

    Fiber

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    https://brainmass.com/biology/human-anatomy-and-physiology/macronutrients-functions-and-sources-277647

    Solution Preview

    Carbohydrates
    Source: Grains, fruits, vegetables, and beans.
    Health: Carbohydrates are an important part of a healthy diet. They are a major source of energy that the body acquires through glycolysis glucose, a basis unit of carbohydrates. Carbohydrates range from complex starches to simple sugars.
    Illness: Insufficient carbohydrate consumption leads to general weakness and can affect multiple systems. Excess simple carbohydrates in the diet can lead to glucose intolerance, insulin insensitivity, and eventually diabetes.
    Death: If left untreated or mis-managed diabetes can increase the risk of death from complications such as cardiovascular diseases, infection of slow healing wounds, insulin-induced comas, diabetic shock etc.

    Web references:
    http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/what-should-you-eat/carbohydrates/
    http://www.visionlearning.com/library/module_viewer.php?mid=61
    http://drbass.com/eades.html
    http://www.revolutionhealth.com/pages/carbohydrates
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1405646/

    Lipids
    Source: Lipids are obtained from ...

    Solution Summary

    Several paragraphs detailing the sources of the macronutrients protein, carbohydrate, lipid, and fiber with their roles in health, illness, and death. Web references provided.

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