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Compare and Contrast DNA and RNA

Please pick one of the following to compare/contrast:

1. germ line engineering/gene therapy

2. transcription/translation


4. codon/anticodon

5. exon/intron

6. leading strand/lagging strand

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Comparing and Contrasting NUmber 3: DNA/RNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA) are two different nucleic acids found in the cells of every living organism. DNA and RNA structure both consist of long chains of nucleotide units. RNA is single-stranded while DNA is a double-stranded helix. As the main sugar in the structure, DNA contains deoxyribose, RNA contains ribose (there is no hydroxyl group attached to the pentose ring in the 2' position in DNA). These hydroxyl groups make RNA less stable than DNA because it is more prone to hydrolysis. In RNA, the complementary base to adenine is not thymine, as it is in DNA, but rather uracil, which is an ...

Solution Summary

The question asks to compare and contrast a list of topics. The solution compares and contrasts DNA with RNA. The solution also contains some references for further reading. These references were also used to generate the solution. To help you visualize the differences between DNA and RNA the solution contains a link to a figure looking at the structure of DNA and RNA.