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Relation with Colonialism, Differences between Field Studies

1. What is the relationship between anthropology and colonialism?

2. In comparing and contrasting the field studies of Bronislaw Malinowski and Annette Weiner, what were the major differences and what were the causes of these differences?

3. What are some of the challenges and opportunities provided by the practice of applied anthropology?

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OTA 105878/Xenia Jones

Anthropology and Colonialism

Prior to the Age of Expansion and discovery, the Old World, Europe had knowledge of cultures and Kingdoms only within its realm - Continental Europe as we know today. There is of course continued knowledge through trade with the Middle East, Africa and China and Russia but the perspective, the manner by which thought and knowledge of the world was constructed was Eurocentric - truth about the world was dictated upon by the politics and power of the monarchs and the Princes of the Church. According to Anthropologist Diane Lewis, Anthropology as a discipline really began due to colonialism. As scholars and the learned sought to understand new peoples, new tribes and new cultures, they used varied disciplines and developed methodologies to create a comprehensive understanding of 'newly discovered' people and territories that are so different from them, so foreign. This understanding of the colonized allowed colonial powers to contain and control new territories - learning their language, tradition, practices, beliefs and general social structure allowed the colonial powers to create a picture of the colonized people for the understanding of the people back in the old world as well as the create of a bridge that either assimilated or controlled the newly colonized territories despite the threat of rebellion. This was the case with India and ...

Solution Summary

The solution is a selection of topics in anthropology discussed in comprehensive narratives. There are 3 parts in the essay solution - the first one discusses the relationship of anthropology and colonialism, primarily how the discipline started as a reaction to colonial expansion, the second part discusses the field of study of key anthropologists Bronislaw Malinowski and Annette Weiner, contrasting and comparing their similarities and differences, and lastly, the third part provides a discussion of the challenges and opportunities in the field of anthropology. Altogether the solution is 929 words and follows the APA format. References are provided.