A consumer products company wants to measure the effectiveness of different types of advertising media in the promotion of its products. Specially, two types of advertising media are to be considered: radio and television advertising and newspaper advertising (including the cost of discount coupons). A sample of 22 cities with approximately equal population is selected for study during a test period of one month. Each city is allocated a specific expenditure level both for radio and television advertising and for newspaper advertising. The sales of the product (in thousands of dollars) and also the levels of media expenditure (in thousands of dollars) during the test month are recorded, with the data set ADVERTISE.XLS (see below). Using EXCEL or PHStat2, answer the following:
Sales Radio Newspaper
973 0 40
1119 0 40
875 25 25
625 25 25
910 30 30
971 30 30
931 35 35
1177 35 35
882 40 25
982 40 25
1628 45 45
1577 45 45
1044 50 0
914 50 0
1329 55 25
1330 55 25
1405 60 30
1436 60 30
1521 65 35
1741 65 35
1866 70 40
1717 70 40
a) State the multiple regression equation.
b) Interpret the meaning of the slopes b1 and b2 in this problem.
c) Interpret the meaning of the regression coefficient b0 in this problem.
d) Predict the average sales for a city in which radio and television advertising is $20,000 and newspaper advertising is $20,000.
e) Set up a 95% confidence interval estimate for the average sales for cities in which radio and television advertising is $20,000 and newspaper advertising is $20,000.
f) Set up a 95% confidence interval estimate for the sales for an individual city in which radio and television advertising is $20,000 and newspaper advertising is $20,000.
g) Determine whether there is a significant relationship between sales and the two independent variables (radio advertising and newspaper advertising) at the 0.05 level of significance.
h) Interpret the meaning of the p-value.
i) Determine the coefficient of multiple determination, r2.
j) Determine the adjusted r2.
k) Perform a residual analysis on your results and determine the adequacy of the fit of the model.
l) Set up a 95% confidence interval estimate of the population slope between sales and radio and television advertising.
m) At the 0.05 level of significance, determine whether each explanatory variable makes a significant contribution to the regression model. On the basis of these results, indicate the independent variables that should be included in this model.
n) Compute the coefficients of partial determination, r2Y1.2.and r2Y2.1.and interpret their meaning.
The solution provides explanations how to interpret P value and slopes in the multiple regression model.
Journal Article Review (Statistics)
Answer the question according to the attached article (Branding smartphone industry.pdf)
1) What is the main hypothesis / question posed by this study ?
2) Why is it an important question to ask/investigate ?
3) Describe the study design (e.g. cross-sectional, longitudinal, etc.)
4) What was the sample size?
5) What are the main independent and dependent variable (for the main hypothesis of interest?)
6) How were the independent and dependent variables measured? Give the measurement instrument used and the type of data (e.g. nominal, ordinal, continuous, etc.)
7) What aspects of their statistical analyses did you NOT understand? Write down unfamiliar terms or points of confusion
(please give suggestion on this one)