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Statistics Problem: Bacteria in Carpeted Rooms

Researchers wanted to determine if carpeted rooms contained more bacteria than uncarpeted rooms. To determine the amount of bacteria in a room, researchers pumped the air from the room over a Petri dish at a rate of 1 cubic foot per minute for eight carpeted rooms and eight uncarpeted rooms. Colonies of bacteria were allowed to form in the 16 Petri dishes. The results were collected. A normal probability plot and box plot indicate the data are approximately normally distributed with no outliers. The data is as follows in bacteria per cubic foot:

Carpeted: 11.8, 10.8, 8.2, 10.1, 7.1, 14.6, 13.0, 14.0
Uncarpeted: 12.1, 12.0, 8.3, 11.1, 3.8, 10.1, 7.2, 13.7

Determine using the appropriate hypothesis testing technique if carpeted rooms have more bacteria than uncarpeted rooms at the .05 level of significance.

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Solution:
Null Hypothesis: The mean amount of bacteria per cubic foot in carpeted rooms is lower than or equal to that in uncarpeted rooms. H0: u1 <= u2
Alternate Hypothesis: The mean amount of bacteria per cubic foot in carpeted rooms is greater than that in uncarpeted rooms. H1: u1 > u2

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