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Meningitis

I need some help answering questions related to meningitis:

1. There are three types of pathogens that cause meningitis. Briefly describe each type and then select either a bacterial, fungal, or viral pathogen capable of producing meningitis in humans to answer the remaining questions for this case study. Provide the statistics on the prevalence of each type of meningitis in your local county and state.

2. Describe the general characteristics and structure of the pathogen.

3. Describe in detail the pathogenic process. (How does the microbe produce meningitis?)

4. What are the risk factors for infection with this pathogen.

5. What are the common methods used to diagnose infection?

6. Do these pathogens cause any other diseases?

7. List any preventative measures to protect against infection with each microbe.

Solution Preview

1. There are three types of pathogens that cause meningitis. Briefly describe each type and then select either a bacterial, fungal, or viral pathogen capable of producing meningitis in humans to answer the remaining questions for this case study. Provide the statistics on the prevalence of each type of meningitis in your local county and state.

Meningitis - disease caused by the inflammation of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. The three types of pathogens that cause meningitis are from three different groups. There are bacterial meningitis, viral meningitis, and fungal meningitis. Bacterial Meningitis is caused by bacteria called Neisseria meningitides and Streptococcus pneumonia. Infection of these pathogens is life threatening and needs immediate medical attention.

Statistics of bacterial meningitis:
In the US, the leading causes of bacterial meningitis are Haemophilus influenza, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Neisseria meningitis. In the US, about 4000 cases of bacterial meningitis and 500 deaths occur each year. Bacterial meningitis tend to spread more quickly in larger groups of people gather together. Places like colleges and military personnel are at increased risk for meningitis.

Viral Meningitis is caused by viruses like enteroviruses and herpes simplex viruses. The infection is serious and rarely fatal in people with normal immune systems. There are vaccines to prevent viral meningitis. Enteroviruses are the common cause of viral meningitis and is spread through fecal contamination from person to person. Examples of the type of transmission include changing dirty diaper and using the toilet without properly washing hands. It can be spread through respiratory secretions using saliva and nasal mucus of an infected person.

Statistics of viral Meningitis:
It is a common disease. Around 500-700 cases are reported each year in New York State. Outbreaks are rare because most cases can occur as single, isolated events.

Fungal Meningitis is caused by fungi like Crytococcus and Histoplasma. The ...

Solution Summary

There are three types of pathogens that cause meningitis. Briefly describe each type and then select either a bacterial, fungal, or viral pathogen capable of producing menigitis in humans to answer the remaining questions for this case study.
-Provide the statistics on the prevalence of each type of meningitis in your local county and state.
Meningistis - disease caused by the inflammation of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord.
-The three types of pathogens that cause meningitis are from three different groups. There are bacterial meningitis, viral meningitis, and fungal meningitis.
-Bacterial Meningitis is caused by bacteria called Neisseria meningitides and Streptococcus pneumonia. Infection of these pathogens is life threatening and needs immediate medical attention.
Statistics of bacterial meningistis

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