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Answer Questions on Research Article

Research Question
What is the research question? If it is not stated, what would you say the research question is?
Would you say that the question is stated broadly enough for a qualitative study?

Study Design
What qualitative method is used?
In what way is the method used an appropriate one for this study?

Subjects and Setting
In what way is the method of obtaining subjects appropriate?
In what way is the size of the sample used adequate?
In what way was the setting in which data were collected an appropriate one for this study?

Data Collection Methods
In what way were the data collection procedures used consistent with the purpose of the qualitative approach selected?
In what way are the data collection procedures appropriate for this study?
In what way were the steps taken to protect the rights of subjects adequate?
What evidence is there that data saturation was achieved?

Data Analysis Procedures
In what way(s) are the data analysis procedures appropriate for the data collected?
In what way(s) are the data analysis procedures consistent with the qualitative method used?

Strengths/Limitations
What are two major strengths of the scientific merit of this study?
What are two major limitations of the scientific merit of this study?
To what extent are the study findings valid?

Attachments

Solution Preview

Bond, A. E., Draeger, C. R. L., Mandleco, B., & Donnelly, M. (2003). Needs of family members of patients with severe traumatic brain injury: Implications for evidence-based practice. Critical Care Nurse, 23(4), 63-72.

Research Question

What is the research question? If it is not stated, what would you say the research question is?

The research question is: what are the needs of family members of patients with severe traumatic brain injury? The article states the question directly: "The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to discover the needs of families of patients with severe traumatic brain injury during the families' experience in a neurosurgical ICU."

Would you say that the question is stated broadly enough for a qualitative study?

No - it is a focused question. It is limited to people with family members who have a relative with a specific injury in a specific unit in the hospital. It aims to know what the needs of these people are, but does not address methods of meeting those needs.

Study Design

What qualitative method is used?

The method used is exploratory descriptive design: "We used an exploratory qualitative descriptive design and a convenience sample of family members of patients admitted to an 11-bed neurological ICU in a level I trauma center."

In what way is the method used an appropriate one for this study?

A descriptive/exploratory study is non-experimental, which is appropriate for the research question asked here. It aims to identify ...

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