Share
Explore BrainMass

Stages of Human Development

O Which agents of socialization are most important at certain stages of human development? For example, discuss how the family is important to moral development or how peer groups are important to personality development.

o Which theoretical perspective best supports your viewpoint?

Solution Preview

Hi,

Interesting question! Let's take a closer look.

1. Which agents of socialization are most important at certain stages of human development? For example, discuss how the family is important to moral development or how peer groups are important to personality development.

Socialization is the process, beginning in childhood, by which a person becomes a member of a society, learning its norms, customs, laws, and ways of living. The main agents of socialization are the family, school, peer groups, work, religion, and the mass media. The main methods of socialization are direct instruction, rewards and punishment, imitation, experimentation, role-play, and interaction (http://www.tiscali.co.uk/reference/encyclopaedia/hutchinson/m0006457.html).

These agents of socialization occur at different stages of human development. In childhood, the family is the primary agent of socialization, and the child learns mostly through imitating others actions. However, we have the ability to think from birth, which advances qualitatively as we mature, so learning is an interaction between the child and the environment. In early and middle childhood, the family and school play a major socialization role in the child's life, through direct instruction, rewards and punishment, imitation and interaction. Even ...

Solution Summary

This solution discusses the agents of socialization on terms of importance to certain stages of human development, and then explains the theoretical perspective this viewpoint lends support.

$2.19