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Human Services for the Elderly in the US

The focal point is on the Elderly or Disabled population, please respond to the context below within 4-5 paragraphs or more. Please list citations or resources (Choose either elderly or disabled population as topic):

A) Appraise the history of social welfare policy as it pertains to this population (Elderly or Disabled), discussing their specific needs from a social welfare program while explaining the role of a health and human service professional within the context of diverse practice settings.

B) Analyze the history of the human services profession as it influences contemporary health and human services practice and delivery. Examine the strategies and interventions that are available to health and human services professionals.

C) Describe the changing nature of these helping processes as it relates to the access and delivery of health and human services for the target population(s) listed. Identify the types of resources currently available in your area for this population and evaluate the outlook of the human services profession as it influences contemporary health and human services practice and delivery.

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OTA 105878/Xenia Jones

Social Welfare for the Elderly

In 1923, then US Pres. Harding proposed the creation of the Department of Education and Welfare, lumping the function of education and social welfare under one umbrella. It was 1953 however when via Pres. Eisenhower's Reorganization Plan Number 1 of 1953, it came into being. Welfare and Education was under one umbrella and it wasn't until 1979 when the education function was differentiated into its own agency entirely and its welfare component came to be enacted as Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). Social security is an issue and concern that is rooted in the concern of fellow citizens for each other, for family members, friends and their fellowmen. At an individual level social security can be said to be economic security when, via property, accumulated wealth and charity of family, friends and fellowmen, members of the community can trust to look after themselves at times of hardships, challenges and in stages of their lives where they can no longer do so for themselves. In the US today, social welfare for the elderly is rooted in the HHS program built on the experience of the nation in relation to elderly welfare from the very beginnings of the colony. In the early days, the poor as well as the abandoned elderly were housed in almshouses and were looked after by charitable groups and individuals.

In 1795 however, Thomas Paine proposed what we can now read as the beginnings of 'retirement insurance'. he called it Agrarian Justice and it stipulates thus (SSA, 2010), "the creation of a system whereby those inheriting property would pay a 10% inheritance tax to create a special fund out of which a one-time stipend of 15 pounds sterling would be paid to each citizen upon attaining age 21, to give them a start in life, and annual benefits of 10 pounds sterling to be paid to every person age 50 and older, to guard against poverty in old-age". 19th century introduced Civil War pensions while caring for the elderly came under the responsibility of their own families and community or for those abandoned the church and almshouses. Industrialization saw the rise of wealth creation and companies soon created Pension schemes to help retired their elder workers comfortable. But not all companies were so inclined and economic and social security for the elderly did not come about until the adaption of what we now know as Social Security. This was a by-product of the experience of the Great Depression which increased the number of elderly in poverty. enacted by Pres. Roosevelt as a measure to protect the elderly and marginalized, the act (National Archives, 2010) "established a system of old-age benefits for workers, benefits for victims of industrial accidents, unemployment insurance, aid for dependent mothers and children, the blind, and the physically handicapped". Amendments and changes have happened to improve and ...

Solution Summary

The solution is a 1,888-word sample essay that looks at varied issues on the topic of Elderly welfare in the US. It answers and discusses the problems and questions presented in original problem (see long description). First it provides an appraisal of the history of social welfare policies pertaining to the elderly, then it looks at the history of the human services profession in delivering and caring for the Elderly, including employed strategies and interventions and lastly it looks at the changing nature of the helping processes in relation to access and delivery. References are listed for further research. The essay follows the APA format. A word version is attached for easy printing and download.