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Ways Ethnicity and Race Inequality are Understood

This attached readings illustrate a variety of ways that race and racial inequality are understood today. Explain each in detail, how they contrast with one another, how they can also co-exist with one another. How can racial inequality be understood as "non-existent," while people simultaneously discuss taking advantage of it? How do these perspectives serve to perpetuate racial inequality? What can be done to untangle, clarify, and remedy these competing and peculiar perspectives?

Read: American Pie Indian American Identify - Dean Krishna and Color Blind Privilege - Gallagher

Solution Preview

Hello, and thank you so much for your question.
Upfront, I would like to say that if this is an issue that you have to do more work on, or have a larger interest in, I would suggest articles that are in an academic subcategory of what is called "Critical Race Theory". In most such articles, academes address different aspects of each of these questions.

These are complex and loaded questions, so I will do my best to limit my responses to the context of the readings you have provided. However you have requested more substantive answers (within 300-350 words) of certain areas that are not specifically addressed, in which case I will attempt to guide through outside knowledge.

Should you have follow up questions, please feel free to message me.

1) How do they contrast with one another?
These articles contrast in the way they are addressing race in America.
The Dean Krishna article gives a very personal and specific narrative that highlights the experience of a second-generation American dealing with the competing identities of a family's home of origin, and a personal home in a country different than that. The Krishna article does not address the way that White Americans experience race - and in fact at one point states that "equality" is an American value that his family from India did not seem to understand. The irony in this, of course, is that the caste system that is explicitly in place in India and is pervasive in Indian culture, in a very similar way exists in America with regard to people of color (any non-white person in America) as they are ranked as inferior as white Americans. In his own article, he admits that inferiority based on his feelings and experiences.

The other two articles spend their time addressing this inferiority from the other side, looking at the ways that white people experience race - in that they do not experience it at all. Krishna explains that being an "other" and his race and color became integral parts of his identity, and upon reflection he realized that they ...

Solution Summary

Here I address 1) How three articles differ in their approach to discussing race issues; 2) The ways in which they may co-exist; 3) The ways in which racial inequality is believed to not exist; 4) How that belief is harmful; 5) One way in which these concepts may be easily explained.

This answer is only a primer to a myriad of race issues, but is helpful conceptually for discussions of race in America.