Could you please help me understand the following terms?
Plausible rival explanations
Unit of analysis
Four main types of validity
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1. variable - these are the elements or things included in a research activity. They are a 'logical set of attributes or characteristics of an object. For example, the variable of color can include blue, orange, green and all colours of the rainbow. In research, this are the units under study. For example, if we are studying a human being, a human being becomes a study variable and his/her attributes become important markers of the study. There are 2 kinds - dependent and independent.
2. Operationalization - this means creating operational functions and theoretical definitions. IN other words, putting together a way of doing a particular research.
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Each of the terminologies listed above are explained and defined in this solution. Resources are also listed for further exploration of each of the terms. A word version has been attached for easy download and printing.