Based on the information in Table 1 (attached):
1. Which group demonstrated the most gain (decrease in levels of depression) and which group demonstrated the least gain between the pretest and posttest periods?
2. Which group responded most consistently and least consistently?
3. As a counselor, would you recommend exercise for individuals with mild to moderate depression? If so, which type of exercise would you recommend, and why? If not, explain your rationale.
Article: Balkin, R. S., Tietjen-Smith, T., Caldwell, C., & Shen, Y. (2007). The utilization of exercise to decrease depressive symptoms in young adult women. Adultspan: Theory, Research, & Practice, 6(1), 30-35.
(Note - M would usually refer to mean and SD, standard deviation)
1. Group with most gain and least gain for pretest and post-test periods
The BDI is a scale that rates/measures severity of depression with the lowest number indicating minimal depressive status and the highest number indicating higher depression levels, positions that are most alarming. In Table 1 in the pretest, Group Aerobic scored 7.59 under M and 6.82 under SD indicating the decreased levels of depression (most gain). At a post-test level, the group which had the most gain was still the Aerobic group, scoring 5.39 at M and 5.72 at SD. Both Anaerobic and Control group though showed gains at post-test.
2. Consistent and least Consistent response
The BDI table ...
Interpreting data depressions are examined. Which groups responded most consistently and least consistently is determined.