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A Comparison of Psychodynamic Theories

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Offer a brief review that compares and contrasts the Psychoanalytic Therapy and the Adlerian Therapy. In your review, be sure to address the following points:

a. Key concepts/unique attributes
b. Historical/contextual development of the theory (if relevant)
c. Role of the therapist
d. Research support for the theory

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This solution compares and contrasts psychoanalytic and Adlerian therapies.

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(1) A brief review that compares and contrasts the Psychoanalytic Therapy and the Adlerian Therapy. In your review, be sure to address the following points:

Psychodynamic theories are based on the idea that each person has thoughts and feelings that are hidden (unconscious) in the mind. For example, Freud (1905 as cited in Arthur & McCarthy, 2007) sought to explain how unconscious feelings affect one's emotions and behaviors. Fore instance, the notion behind Psychoanalytic therapy is that the client may be unaware of psychological forces in the mind that influence physical ailments. By releasing the psychological tension resulting from unconscious conflicts, the entire body can be healed. According to Archer and McCarthy, most of psychoanalytic therapy involves helping clients become aware of behavior that is driven by unconscious motives and emotions.

(a) The historical context for psychodynamic perspectives is drawn from Freud's psychoanalysis, or theory of personality. For example, Freud's (1905) work on the Theory of sexuality postulated that human nature was influenced primarily by unconscious sexual and aggressive drives. Freud developed his psychodynamic theory primarily as a condition of his own life, and his work with his patients. According to Archer & McCarthy (2007), Freud drew his impetus for his theory based on" a technique called free association in which patients would lie on a couch and say whatever came into their minds" (p. 23). He then rendered interpretations of these disclosures as unconscious desires that were latent in the mind.

(b) Key concepts: The psychodynamic model consist of the following key concepts: (1) ...

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