Groucho Marx once said, "I wouldn't want to belong to a club that would have me as a member." This statement is seen as both witty and reflecting a mild sense of inferiority that is thought to be common in human beings. Why is it that some people see being mildly self-effacing as acceptable and some see having an equal sense of self-confidence as unacceptable?
This one is a bit more of a challenge. Here is an excellent place to start:
It's a university draft of a scholarly article, but it is not dated. Judging by the dates in the bibliography, I'd say its either 2003 or 2004.
Mild levels of modesty are normally preferred over arrogant behaviors. This is especially true in group settings. One basic theory, described in detail below, holds that the solidarity of the group and the interests of the other members militates against arrogance as harmful, even if the arrogant person really did perform extraordinarily. The arrogant person will seek to constantly attribute all success to herself, while pushing off failures on others. This is harmful to the organization as a whole, regardless of the actual ...
The solution discusses self-efficacy and extremes of self-efficacy.